In the spine, bulging disc under the nerve root can cause low back pain and pain radiating to the arms and legs as it presses on the nerves. Among the main causes are physical traumas, activities that place stress and strain on the spines, and loss of durability of the discs with age.
For various reasons, the disc under the nerve roots in the spine bulges and protrudes out of the location where it is positioned. As a result, by suppressing the nerves around it, it creates various issues, particularly low back pain. It also causes pain in the arms and legs, as well as in the lower back. A bulging disc can be age-related, or it can occur with physical trauma and a reverse movement.
Why does the disc bulge?
It is a structure consisting of discs, soft tissue, fibers, and outer layer located between the vertebrae. Exposure of the vertebrae to various adverse conditions causes the discs to bulge and protrude from their area. A bulging disc, which can also be defined as edema and damage to the disc, is a condition in which the disc is damaged by a mechanical pressure between the two vertebrae.
So, what causes the discs to bulge?
Physical traumas: The main cause of bulging disc is physical trauma. One of the main reasons for the emergence of this physical trauma is traffic accidents. The spine is overloaded in this form of damage. This creates pressure on the disc and causes the disc to bulge. Therefore, the injury can affect the person’s life in a very negative way. If you have suffered such an injury in Australia, you can contact the personal injury lawyers in Parramatta to find out what can be done.
Bulging discs owing to physical trauma are typical in the lumbar region; however, bulging discs in the neck region might occur depending on the damage area and the intensity of the pressure.
Activities that place stress and strain on the spine: Bulging disc may occur while working in daily life, doing any work, trying to pick up something from a high place, carrying heavy grocery bags, bending over, and lifting weights, and many similar activities. Activities that place stress and strain on the spines often appear as work injuries. Uncontrolled lifting of any weight to be carried or negligence may cause injury to the worker. If you have suffered such an injury and need assistance with what to do, you can always ask compensation lawyers in Newcastle.
Activities that place stress and strain on the spine can cause bulging disc due to excessive load on the spine. These activities can cause bulging of the soft tissue in the middle of the disc called “nucleus pulposus”. In this case, the disc bulges out of its region and puts pressure on the surrounding nerves.
Aging: An important reason for bulging disc is age-related reasons. The soft tissue surrounding the discs begins to harden with age. In this case, the discs may bulge. As a result, the discs become more susceptible to external effects. This condition is also known as “degenerative disc disease.” This issue, which produces significant pain in the disc region, can also cause pain in the arms and legs.
Various factors: Exhausting exercises and sports, movements that force the waist area to bend suddenly, severe sneezing or holding a sneeze, sitting with pressure on the waist for a long time, jumping or falling from a high place, wrong sleeping position, obesity or excessive weight can also cause bulging by pressing on the disc area. In addition, experts say that smoking and alcohol use indirectly damage disc tissues.
Bulging disc symptoms
Due to the reasons mentioned above, the tissues that make up the disc come out of the ring-shaped fibres. The symptoms of this condition, which is generally described as “bulging disc”, are as follows:
- waist numbness,
- waist stiffness,
- leg pain,
- weakness in the legs,
- loss of body strength,
- muscle weakness,
- muscle spasm and pain,
- nerve pain,
- neck pain,
- hip and thigh pain,
- hand and arm pain,
- tingling in feet,
- difficulty walking,
- chest pain,
- numbness in legs and feet…