A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of your brain is interrupted or reduced, preventing it from getting oxygen and nutrients. Brain cells begin dying minutes after a stroke begins – yet many people are not aware that they have suffered this injury because there are some symptoms that might lead to not just minor confusion but full-blown disability if left untreated early on! Fortunately for many people suffering from stroke today, there are treatments available that can save lives – even with prompt action taken right away.
A stroke is a life-threatening medical emergency. There are three primary types:
- Transient ischemic attack (TIA), which involves a blood clot that typically reverses on its own.
- Ischemic stroke, where there’s an obstruction caused by either plaques or clots in the artery, and symptoms may last longer than with TIAs.
- Hemorrhagic – these can be caused by burst vessels leaking into your brain tissue leading to permanent neurological damage.
The symptoms of a stroke can occur anytime, but the sooner you or someone nearby is treated for it, the better. Here’s what to do if anyone in your group has just been diagnosed with early signs that they’re having one:
- Paralysis or numbness on one side of your face, arm, or leg; slurring speech and difficulty understanding what others are saying.
- May also experience confusion as well as difficulties with movement such as weakness in an area affected by this issue- often it will affect only one limb but sometimes all three simultaneously.
- A stroke is a medical emergency that can be caused by blood clots or other factors including high cholesterol.
- Sudden blurred vision, blacked-out momentary episodes in which you lose consciousness, and any time trouble walking with unsteady gait (e Double Vision). It’s important to seek treatment immediately.
The most common cause of stroke is a blockage in an artery that supplies blood to the brain. This can happen either due to clogged vessels (ischemic) or bursting ones, leading quickly to severe neurological damage called hemorrhagic strokes
- Ischemic strokes are the most common cause of stroke. They happen when a blood clot blocks the flow of oxygen to your brain, which can be caused by a narrowed artery over time due to fatty deposits known as plaques in this process, which is called atherosclerosis.
- Hemorrhagic stroke is caused by a bursting blood vessel in your brain. Brain hemorrhages can result from many conditions that affect the circulation of oxygen and nutrients to cells, such as high blood pressure or diabetes – but they also happen when something blocks an artery for whatever reason (like plaque buildup).
- A TIA is like a mini-stroke, but only lasts for minutes. There’s no permanent damage in this instance and they can be caused by any number of factors including blood vessel blockages on the brain circulation system that reduce its flowability.
Many stroke prevention strategies are the same as heart disease preventive measures. In general, healthy lifestyle recommendations include: -eating a diet rich in vegetables and fruit; quitting smoking, limiting alcohol use if needed (heavy intake may cause high blood pressure), maintaining a healthy weight by eating less, or exercising more often than not for those who are overweight/obese.
The first step to preventing a stroke is getting regular checkups with the doctor. Talk about how often the best way would be, but if there’s anything wrong such as high blood pressure or cholesterol then they may recommend making those changes sooner than later.
A doctor’s prescription can make a world of difference in the treatment for ischemic stroke or a stroke that involves bleeding into the brain (hemorrhagic)
To treat an ischemic stroke, doctors must quickly restore blood flow to your brain. This may be done with emergency IV medication or drugs that can break up a clot has to give within 4-5 hours from when symptoms first started if given intravenously. The sooner these treatments are administered the better.
Doctors sometimes treat ischemic strokes directly inside the blocked blood vessel. Endovascular therapy has been shown to significantly improve outcomes and reduce long-term disability after an emergency endovascular procedure for this condition with promising potential in future treatment options against other types of stroke as well.
Hemorrhagic strokes treatment called for a medical emergency. They can be treated by lowering the pressure in your brain to relieve pain and help you feel better, Treatment options include: -thinning medications to prevent clots from forming in the event of surgery or trauma due to their risk for complications during treatment.
It is a common practice to use surgery in order to repair blood vessel problems associated with hemorrhagic strokes. This procedure not only saves lives but also prevents further disability or damage from happening internally.
Surgical cutting. A surgeon places small forceps at the base of the aneurysm, to stop blood flow to it. This clamp can prevent the aneurysm from bursting or can prevent an aneurysm that has recently had bleeding from bleeding again.
Coiling (endovascular embolization)- Using a catheter inserted into an artery in the groin and guided to the brain, the surgeon will place tiny detachable coils into the aneurysm to fill it. This blocks blood flow through the aneurysm and causes blood to clot.
Surgical removal of the AVM – Surgeons can remove a smaller AVM if it is in an accessible area of the brain. This eliminates the risk of rupture and reduces the risk of hemorrhagic stroke.
Stereotaxic radiosurgery- Using multiple highly focused beams of radiation, stereotaxic radio surgery is an advanced minimally invasive treatment used to repair malformations in blood vessels.
After emergency treatment, it needs to be closely monitored for at least a day. After that, stroke care is aimed to help you recover as much as possible and return to an independent life. The impact of stroke depends on the area of the brain involved and the amount of tissue damaged.
The Neuro Science department at BGS Gleneagles Global Hospital is one of the best in Bangalore to treat stroke. The hospital is well equipped with all the advanced technologies lead by some of the most qualified neurologist and neurosurgeons. Consult the doctors for any stroke related issues.