While staircases come in all different shapes and sizes, they all have one thing in common – parts.
Staircase parts are universal for pretty much every staircase, and each component has its own function, whether it be an aesthetic design feature or an important safety element.
When designing your dream staircase, hearing all the terminology and understanding how the various parts fit together can be confusing, but this simple guide covers everything you need to know.
You might’ve heard balusters referred to as spindles.
They are the vertical posts, plain or decorative, that act as the infill between your handrail and baserail.
Manufactured from a plethora of different materials, including a host of hardwoods and softwoods, they’re a crucial safety feature and their vitality should never be overlooked.
Banisters or handrails
A handrail (or banister) is a protective rail designed to prevent people or objects from falling from an open staircase.
Not only are they another essential safety feature of your staircase, but they can also make all the difference to the overall look of your balustrade.
Usually, they sit on top of your spindles, but they can be fixed to the wall for a sleeker, more minimalistic look.
There are all sorts of styles and materials available, so you’re bound to find something that fits right in with the rest of your staircase design.
The baserail is what holds the spindles in place, and it’s located on top of the strings (inclined boards which the treads and risers are enclosed) or runs along a landing.
They can come with grooves, so spindles can fit into the track, or be completely solid, for metal spindles or glass brackets to be screwed directly onto them.
Newel posts and caps
Newel posts and caps are what allow you to make your style statement, adding the perfect finishing touches to your newly installed or refurbished set of stairs.
The posts sit at the top and bottom of your staircase, and act as extra support for your handrail, while the caps instantly update the look of your balustrade.
They’re both available in a range of different shapes and styles to fit your aesthetic, so you’re certain to find the perfect match.
Need advice on stair parts?
Installing a new staircase or renovating your existing one can be tricky, especially if you aren’t up to scratch on basic terminology.
It’s vital you know exactly what you need when it’s time to shop for staircase parts and, hopefully, you’ve found this guide to be useful
If you’re still in need of help or are looking for design advice, be sure to get in touch with your local staircase experts, like the team over at Pear Stairs.